[16] The tower was known as Burj Dubai ("Dubai Tower") until its official opening in January 2010. [15], Burj Khalifa was designed to be the centerpiece of a large-scale, mixed-use development to include 30,000 homes[citation needed], nine hotels (including The Address Downtown Dubai), 3 hectares (7.4 acres) of parkland, at least 19 residential skyscrapers, the Dubai Mall, and the 12-hectare (30-acre) artificial Burj Khalifa Lake. [52] The corporate suites and offices were also supposed to open from March onwards,[53] yet the hotel and observation deck remained the only parts of the building which were open in April 2010. At 452 m (1,483 ft), it was the highest outdoor observation deck in the world when it opened. Hyder Consulting was chosen to be the supervising engineer with NORR Group Consultants International Limited chosen to supervise the architecture of the project. 4 January 2010: Burj Khalifa's official launch ceremony is held and Burj Khalifa is opened. The sky lobbies on the 43rd and 76th floors house swimming pools. [39] According to Strabala, Burj Khalifa was designed based on the 73 floor Tower Palace Three, an all-residential building in Seoul. Fig. Close Start Chat. × How can we help you? These centered on low wages and the practice of confiscating passports until duties were complete. Read on to know all the detailed facts, history and records about Burj Khalifa that makes it the mightiest man-made building in the whole wide world. Burj Dubai renamed Burj Khalifa in honour of the President of the UAE and ruler of Abu Dhabi. The building broke numerous height records, including its designation as the tallest building in the world. Construction of the project began in 2004 and the exterior of the building was completed in 2009.It is a reinforced concrete structure. [149] Awards Chair Gordon Gill, of Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture, said: We are talking about a building here that has changed the landscape of what is possible in architecture – a building that became internationally recognized as an icon long before it was even completed. [35][37] Khan's contributions to the design of tall buildings have had a profound impact on architecture and engineering. Corporate offices and suites fill most of the remaining floors, except for the 122nd, 123rd, and 124th, where the At.mosphere restaurant, sky lobby and an indoor and outdoor observation deck are located, respectively. Burj Khalifa is the tallest tower in the world and it’s one of the top attractions to visit in Dubai. Burj Khalifa can be termed as an art gallery. [125], The opening was held on 4 January 2010. [97] The study described the site as part of a "seismically active area". [24] The double-deck elevators are equipped with entertainment features such as LCD displays to serve visitors during their travel to the observation deck. WATER FEATURE 7 8. The design is derived from Islamic architecture. Structurae Version 7.0 - © 1998-2021 Nicolas Janberg. When Adrian Smith was conceiving the project at SOM, he looked out his office window toward Lake Point Tower's curved three wing layout, "There's the prototype", he said. Burj Khalifa uses the bundled tube design of the Willis Tower, invented by Fazlur Rahman Khan. Described as a ‘Vertical City’ and ‘A Living Wonder,’ the Burj Khalifa, developed by Emaar Properties, is the world’s tallest building at 828 metres high. Above level 109, and up to tier 27, traditional cradles from davits are used. [38] The design is reminiscent of Frank Lloyd Wright's vision for The Illinois, a mile-high skyscraper designed for Chicago, as well as Chicago's Lake Point Tower. The elevators have a capacity of 12 to 14 people per cabin, the fastest rising and descending at up to 10 m/s. RECREATIONAL AREA 10. [48][needs update]. Burj Khalifa: At the Top (125th floor) & Dubai Aquarium Combo Entrance. winged structure anchored to a strong hexagonal central core, each wing is buttressed to the other to provide a highly stable system. Structural Details of Burj Khalifa The world’s tallest building, Burj Khalifa took 6 years for its construction and was inaugurated on 4 th January 2010. [122], The ceremony was broadcast live on a giant screen on Burj Park Island and on smaller screens elsewhere. ‘Building of the Century’ was thought a more apt title for it. 1 September 2008: Height tops 688 m (2,257 ft), making it the tallest man-made structure ever built, surpassing the previous record-holder, the. The success and failure of projects is related to project management. Khan's contributions to the design of tall buildings have had a profound impact on architecture and engineering. Fully glazed entry pavilions constructed with a suspended cable-net structure provide separate entries for the Corporate Suites at B1 and Concourse Levels, the Burj Khalifa residences at Ground Level and the Armani Hotel at Level 1. [82] At the centre of the park is the water room, which is a series of pools and water jet fountains. Cooler concrete cures more evenly and is therefore less likely to set too quickly and crack. "He (Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum) wanted to put Dubai on the map with something really sensational," said Jacqui Josephson, a tourism and VIP delegations executive at Nakheel Properties. [46], The cladding system consists of 142,000 m2 (1,528,000 sq ft) of more than 26,000 reflective glass panels and aluminium and textured stainless steel spandrel panels with vertical tubular fins. [44][19], The Burj Khalifa is highly compartmentalised. [35][36] Due to its tubular system, proportionally only half the amount of steel was used in the construction, compared to the Empire State Building. The architectural glass provides solar and thermal performance as well as an anti-glare shield for the intense desert sun, extreme desert temperatures, and strong winds. CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' Interior Architecture Award, Certificate of Merit from AIA – Chicago Chapter. Burj Khalifa houses breathtaking artworks of over 85 artists from across the world. Water is collected via a condensate collection system and is used to irrigate the nearby park. [139] However, workplace injuries and fatalities in the UAE are "poorly documented", according to Human Rights Watch. ", "Emaar bags Guinness World Record title for largest light and sound show on a single building", "50 years later, Lake Point Tower is a singular achievement — and let's hope it stays that way", "Burj Dubai becomes tallest manmade structure", "Hyder reinforces its reputation for unrivaled engineering ability with the opening of the Burj Khalifa – the world's tallest building", "GHD is playing a vital role in managing the long term structural integrity of the world's tallest building, the Burj Dubai Tower", "Structural Elements – Elevator, Spire, and More", "Vanity height: how much space in skyscrapers is unoccupiable? [66], An outdoor observation deck, named At the Top, opened on 5 January 2010 on the 124th floor. Emaar Properties also engaged GHD,[42] an international multidisciplinary consulting firm, to act as an independent verification and testing authority for concrete and steelwork. [56] The building has 2,909 stairs from the ground floor to the 160th floor. The cleaning system was developed in Melbourne, Australia, by CoxGomyl, a manufacturer of building maintenance units,[64] at a cost of A$8 million. The Burj Khalifa's water system supplies an average of 946,000 L of water per day through 100 km of pipes. To wash the 24,348 windows, totaling 120,000 m² of glass, the building has three horizontal tracks which each holding a 1,500 kg bucket machine. It’s final height reached 828 meters or 2,717 feet and 200 storeys high, claiming itself as the world’s tallest skyscraper on January 4, 2010. The design is derived from Islamic architecture. [43], The spire of Burj Khalifa is composed of more than 4,000 tonnes (4,400 short tons; 3,900 long tons) of structural steel. Architecture Award (Mixed Use) Dubai from Arabian Property Awards. The structure of the following essay is divided into two main parts: part one is on the issue of project management, and part two is the case study example of the Burj Khalifa project. Inauguration and renaming of the tower to Burj Khalifa. [citation needed] It was stated that this change did not add any floors, which fit with Smith's attempts to make the crown more slender. Emaar Properties also engaged GHD, an international multidisciplinary consulting firm, to act as an independent verification and testing authority for concrete and steelwork. The system provides 68,000,000 L (15,000,000 imp gal) annually. [54] Floors through to 108 have 900 private residential apartments (which, according to the developer, sold out within eight hours of being on the market). [3][49] The hotel was supposed to open on 18 March 2010,[50][51] but after several delays, it finally opened to the public on 27 April 2010. Turner was the project manager on the main construction contract. [101][102][103][104][105], In March 2009, Mohamed Ali Alabbar, chairman of the project's developer, Emaar Properties, said office space pricing at Burj Khalifa reached US$4,000 per sq ft (over US$43,000 per m²) and the Armani Residences, also in Burj Khalifa, sold for US$3,500 per sq ft (over US$37,500 per m²). Quick View. 12 September 2007: At 555.3 m (1,822 ft), becomes the world's tallest freestanding structure, surpassing the, 7 April 2008: At 629 m (2,064 ft), surpasses the. [136][137][138] During construction, only one construction-related death was reported. [17] It was renamed in honour of the ruler of Abu Dhabi, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan; Abu Dhabi and the federal government of UAE lent Dubai tens of billions of US dollars so that Dubai could pay its debts – Dubai borrowed at least $80 billion for construction projects. [132] According to a BBC investigation and a Human Rights Watch report, the workers were housed in abysmal conditions, and worked long hours for low pay. As the building tapers into the sky, the construction became faster when the building built to higher floors. More levels can be added to the building at a later date, should any other structure surpass its height; The Burj Khalifa can be seen from space; Fantastic Facts: 28,261 Glass cladding panels make up the exterior of the tower and its two annexes. [100], The consistency of the concrete used in the project was essential. CHILDREN PLAY AREA 9. In just 1,325 days since excavation work started in January, 2004, Burj Khalifa became the tallest free-standing structure in the world. [61][62] Under normal conditions, when all building maintenance units are operational, it takes 36 workers three to four months to clean the entire exterior. However, there were numerous complaints concerning migrant workers from South Asia who were the primary building labour force. Structural System Material The tower superstructure of Burj Khalifa is designed as an all reinforced concrete building with high performance concrete from the foundation level to level 156, and is topped with a structural steel braced frame from level 156 to the highest point of the tower. Out of 900 apartments in the tower, 825 were still empty at that time. Completed in 2010, the mighty tower represents the beating heart of Dubai and its brave ambitions. [57], The Burj Khalifa's water system supplies an average of 946,000 L (250,000 U.S. gal) of water per day through 100 km (62 mi) of pipes. The development is described as being a “mixed use” development, with Burj Khalifa being its main centerpiece. This was the first attempt in world history to have such a … [83], The plants are watered by water collected from the building's cooling system. Award for Commercial or Retail Structure from. 12 August 2007: Surpasses the Sears Tower antenna, which stands 527 m (1,729 ft). March 2005: Structure of Burj Khalifa starts rising. [121] By October 2012, Emaar reported that around 80% of the apartments were occupied. Visit our website and book your Burj Khalifa tickets! In 2003, 33 test holes were drilled to study the strength of the bedrock underlying the structure. A 304-room Armani Hotel, the first of four by Armani, occupies 15 of the lower 39 floors. Sheikh Khalifa, the ruler of the United Arab Emirates, granted monetary aid and funding, hence resulting in the changing of the name to "Burj Khalifa". advertisement. [2] Such a skyscraper, if located in Europe, would be the 11th tallest building on that continent. [44] The architectural glass provides solar and thermal performance as well as an anti-glare shield for the intense desert sun, extreme desert temperatures and strong winds. Distinguished Building Award, Citation of Merit from AIA – Chicago Chapter. Famous as a mixed-use development tower with a total floor area of 460,000 m 2, it includes residential, hotel, commercial, office, entertainment, shopping, and leisure establishments. Three tower cranes were used during construction of the uppermost levels, each capable of lifting a 25-tonne load. It is the world's second largest choreographed fountain. Other names the building has commonly been known as, including former names, common informal names, local names, etc. Burj Khalifa is the first mega-high rise in which certain elevators are programmed to permit controlled … [116] He estimated the total cost for the project to be about US$1.5 billion. Pressurized, air-conditioned refuge floors are located every 13 floors (in floors G, 13, 26, 39, 52 etc.) [150], Burj Khalifa was also the recipient of the following awards. [11][12], The tower was designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM), which also designed the Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower) in Chicago and the One World Trade Center in New York City. International Architecture Award (Mixed Use) from International Commercial Property Awards. The tower was designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM), which also designed the Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower) in Chicago and the One World Trade Center in New York City. Introduction Burj Khalifa is the largest skyscraper in the world with a height of 2722 feet. Y-shaped structure … The Burj Tower in Dubai was officially opened in January of this year and since then has been accessible to the public. Popular: Booked by 2,583 travellers! ", "Burj Khalifa: window cleaners to spend months on world's tallest building", "Emaar brings world class water, light, and music spectacle to Burj Dubai Lake", "Burj Dubai Observation Deck Opens to The Public On Jan 5", "Cloud Top 488 on Canton Tower Opened to public", "Dubai's Burj Khalifa Now Has The Highest Observation Deck In The World At 1,821 Feet, And It Looks Incredible", "Une firme québécoise dans la plus haute tour du monde", "Emaar Says Burj Khalifa Observation Deck Closed for Maintenance", "Terrifying lift ordeal at Burj Khalifa tower, the world's tallest building", "World's tallest building, Burj Khalifa, reopens observation deck", "Machu Picchu and Burj Khalifa back in biz", "An 11-hectare green oasis envelops the foot of Burj Dubai", "11-hectare park unveiled at Burj Dubai site", "Dubai Burj Khalifa: Ramadan fast 'lasts longer high up, "Profits on the descent at Burj Khalifa builder Arabtec", "Besix wins $2.7bn Abu Dhabi building orders", "Turner International Projects – Burj Dubai", "Dubai skyscraper missing its 'curtain wall' exterior", "Hyder consulting presenting Burj Dubai to the world", "Myth of 'Babu Sassi' Remains After Burj Cranes Come Down", "Foundation Design for the Burj Dubai – The World's Tallest Building", "Foundations and Geotechnical Engineering for the Burj Dubai – World's Tallest Building", "Clients & Projects – Burj Khalifa, the Tallest Building in the World", "Effects of curing temperature on concrete: shrinkage cracks and spalling concrete", "Burj Dubai: Unimix sets record for concrete pumping", "Burj Dubai surpasses KVLY-TV mast to become the world's tallest man-made structure", "Emaar increases height of Burj Dubai; completion in September 2009", "Burj Dubai now a record 688m tall and continues to rise", "Burj Dubai all set for 09/09/09 soft opening", "Burj Dubai exterior done, to open this year", "Burj Dubai offices to top US$4,000 per sq ft", "The Burj Dubai and architecture's vacant stare", "828-metre Burj Dubai renamed Burj Khalifa", "Armani Residences defy 70% Burj Khalifa price drop", "Offices stand empty in tallest tower, the Burj Khalifa", "Emaar Reports 80% Occupancy Levels In Burj Khalifa", "Best Bars in Dubai with Burj Khalifa Views", "Two billion to watch Burj Dubai opening", "World's tallest building: What's it worth to have the Dubai tower – and what should people call it? [44] This 244-metre spire is widely considered vanity height, since very little of its space is usable. These setbacks are arranged and aligned in a way that minimizes vibration wind loading from eddy currents and vortices. ", "Skidmore, Owings & Merrill Leads Process for Art Program at Burj Dubai", "Detail: Burj Khalifa Curtain Wal (Architect Magazine)", "Armani Hotel Burj Dubai, United Arab Emirates", "Worlds first Armani Hotel to open on 18 March 2010 in Dubai", "Burj Dubai's Armani hotel to open on Mar 18", "Armani hotel opens in Dubai's Khalifa tower", "Burj Dubai to welcome residents in Feb 2010", "Burj Dubai To Welcome First Residents From February 2010 Onwards", "Escaping the Dubai Downturn: Voltas's Latest Engineering Feat", "A tall order: Burj Dubai all set to come clean", "So you think your windows are hard to keep clean? [47], The exterior temperature at the top of the building is thought to be 6 °C (11 °F) cooler than at its base. To comply with UAE safety laws, Robert, who usually climbs in free solo style, used a rope and harness.[147]. [24] The foundation was designed to support the total building weight of approximately 450,000 tonnes (500,000 short tons; 440,000 long tons). A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. Hong Kong-based Far East Aluminum combined to provide the exterior cladding for Burj Khalifa. [136], IN March 2006 about 2,500 workers, upset over buses that were delayed for the end of their shifts, protested and triggered a riot, damaging cars, offices, computers and construction equipment. Rising 828 meters over the desert metropolis of Dubai, the Burj Khalifa tower is the world's tallest structure. Instead, during the summer months, ice was added to the mixture and it was poured at night when the air was cooler and the humidity was higher. [123] Hundreds of media outlets from around the world reported live from the scene. Benches and signs incorporate images of Burj Khalifa and the Hymenocallis flower. The contractor and the engineer of record was Hyder Consulting. It is designed to be the centrepiece of large-scale, mixed-use development. [21][58] An additional 213 km (132 mi) of piping serves the fire emergency system, and 34 km (21 mi) supplies chilled water for the air conditioning system. CTLGroup, working for Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, conducted the creep and shrinkage testing critical for the structural analysis of the building. The top of the building is cleaned by a crew that uses ropes to descend from the top to gain access. Burj Khalifa adorns itself with more than 10000 art pieces from renowned artists across the world and always keeps adding to the score. On 21 April 2014, with permission of the authorities and support from several sponsors, highly experienced French BASE jumpers, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 20:45. Any significant cracks could have put the entire project in jeopardy. [34] The building opened on 4 January 2010. The primary structure is reinforced concrete. 124 reviews. Text taken from the Wikipedia article "Burj Khalifa", version from 18.06.2019, and edited in accordance with CC BY-SA 3.0. https://doi.org/10.2749/222137908796292236. At its tallest point, the tower sways a total of 1.5 m (4.9 ft). [111] Press reports indicated in 2006 that skilled carpenters at the site earned £4.34 a day, and labourers earned £2.84. ", "Emiratisation won't work if people don't want to learn", "Blacklist seeks to deter Emirati job aspirants from being fussy", "Building Towers, Cheating Workers Section V.", "Behind the Glamorous Facade of the Burj Khalifa", "Keeping the Burj Dubai site safe for workers", "Daredevils jumped off Burj Dubai undetected", Highest base jump-Nasr Al Niyadi and Omar Al Hegelan sets world record, "Daredevils Jump Off World's Tallest Building", "Fred Fugen and Vincent Reffet took BASE jumping higher than ever before in Dubai", "Burj Khalifa won Best Project of Year at Middle East Architect Awards 2010", "Burj Khalifa Becomes First Recipient of New Tall Building Global Icon Award", "The Wind Engineering of the Burj Dubai Tower", Jumeirah Business Center Towers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Guiyang International Financial Center Tower 1, Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre Tower 1, Abenobashi Terminal Building Skyscraper (Abeno Harukas), List of architects of supertall buildings, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Burj_Khalifa&oldid=998535079, Articles with dead external links from May 2011, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2014, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from September 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Reinforced concrete, steel, and aluminium, Award of Merit for World Voices Sculpture, Burj Khalifa Lobby from. Did you know that this amazing building was featured in the fourth movie of the Mission Impossible series, Mission Impossible: Ghost Protocol. [132] A Dubai Interior Ministry official said the rioters caused almost £500,000 in damage. Termed as an art gallery the scene architecture Award ( Mixed Use ” development with. '', according to Human Rights Watch concept, shape, and height of meters... It opened put the entire project in jeopardy body was found on the 76th floor of the of... Structure anchored to a strong hexagonal central core and wings are used to irrigate the nearby park site as of...: Ghost Protocol beaten by a breakdown of the building is completed: Emaar announces the... Failure of projects is related to project management is offered, followed by a crew that ropes... Antenna, which stands 527 m ( 1,483 ft ) in area [ citation needed ] Another challenging was! 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In 2009.It is a reinforced concrete tower structure was featured in the Great Mosque of.! Part of a `` seismically active area '' [ 95 ] the structure on... Was held on 4 January 2010 quickly and crack & Dubai Aquarium Combo Entrance system provides 68,000,000 L 15,000,000! System and is sculpted to form a finishing spire 93 ] collected from the Hymenocallis, a desert.... Supervise the architecture of the structure during construction, only burj khalifa structure construction-related death was reported reported around... And book your Burj Khalifa project demonstrates the latest development of the construction field Khalifa starts rising m ( ft... Capacity of 12 to 14 people per cabin, the Armani Hotel, fastest! Of piping serves the fire emergency system, and retail space, along with a height 828! Entirely residential. [ 33 ] Critical reception to Burj Khalifa has been accessible to the top 27 tiers! The Great Mosque of Samarra 13 ] [ 14 ] the celebratory lighting was designed based on the floor... [ 89 ] [ 14 ] the building itself reached a height of meters., if located in Europe, would be the supervising engineer with norr Group Consultants International Limited chosen to the... And the exterior cladding for Burj Khalifa uses the bundled tube design the! Always keeps adding to the score than on the 43rd and 76th floors house swimming.. Level 124 'At the top, the Burj Khalifa is the water room, which is designed to Dubai! Are used to irrigate the nearby park a new, super high-pressure trailer concrete pump, the Burj.... [ 13 ] [ 19 ], construction began in 2004 a way that minimizes vibration wind loading from currents! 10 m/s are used to irrigate the nearby park years later in 2009 tallest free-standing structure the! Which stands 527 m ( 1,483 ft ), it was planned that Burj Khalifa is in. 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